As a rule, multiple sclerosis begins with weakness and numbness in the extremities, usually in the legs, shakiness when walking, decrease or loss of vision in one of the eyes, impaired urination or defecation.
Diagnosis of multiple sclerosis:
- Comprehensive vertebral neurological examination of the patient.
- MRI of the brain and spinal cord using a contrast agent.
Patient’s neurological examination reveals a lesion in the brain and / or spinal cord (reduced vision, weakness in the hands, numbness in the legs). MRI allows visualizing the presence of lesions of the nervous tissue, which can show the degree of activity with the introduction of a contrast agent.
Treatment of multiple sclerosis can be divided into 3 stages:
- Preparatory stage for the application of methods of regenerative medicine. At this stage, classical means are used (plasmapheresis, corticosteroids, interferons). This stage is carried out in identifying the active process according to the results of MRI, since the use of regenerative therapy with the activity of the process is contraindicated.
- Stage of regenerative therapy. At this stage, several types of stem cells are used, pluripotent (multifunctional) stem cells from the liver of the embryo, which are aimed at the formation of new blood vessels, which will improve the nutrition of the affected areas of the nervous system; fetal brain cells, which action is directed directly to the restoration of damaged parts of the nervous system.
- Supporting stage. At this stage the patient is assigned a specific supportive pharmacological therapy, which will be necessary for the duration of the stem cells.
Prognosis: a decrease in all initial complaints (decrease in numbness, improvement in gait, vision); subject to the recommendations at the end of treatment, a significant increase in the period of remission.